The Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) is a process that has been adopted by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Department of Defense (DoD) to ensure that multiple alternatives have been analyzed prior to making investment decisions. It is an assessment approach to evaluate potential solution sets (material, organizational, structural, or ideological) to satisfy a desired capability. An AoA moves the justification of a single alternative to the exploration of multiple options in order to establish a basis for funding the best possible projects in a rational, defensible manner while considering risk and uncertainty. As with other decision-making tools, techniques, and procedures, a mature AoA is best used in a higher-level decision-making context.

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